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The Last Afghan Empire of Ahmad Shah Durrani (Part 1)

November 08, 2021

The Last Afghan Empire of Ahmad Shah Durrani (Part 1)
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Who was Ahmad Shah Durrani?

Ahmad Shah Durrani was an Afghan chieftain who rose to power leading Persian armies in the 18th century.

After his Persian overlord was murdered he threw off the yoke of oppression and declared an independent Afghan state for his people.

But could one man unite the disparate and quarrelling tribes of the Afghanistan into the Durrani empire?

Further Reading:

  • An Account of the Kingdom of Caubul, and its Dependencies in Persia, Tartary, and India by Mountstuart Elphinstone (1815)
  • Ahmed Durrani Durani, Father of Modern Afghanistan by Ghanda Singh (1959)
  • Panipat By T. S. Shejwalkar (1761)



  • Who was Ahmad Shah Durrani
    • Ahmad Shah Durrani was a Pashtun from the 18th century. He is remembered as the first to unite the tribes of Afghanistan.
  • Ahmad Shah Durrani or Abdali
    • Abdali was his clan name, Durrani was the name he took on as a title after his crowning.
  • How Ahmad Shah Durrani died
    • Ahmad Shah Durrani died of a unclear illness that may have been cancer. He had a festering face wound which progressively worsened which may have contributed.
  • What was Ahmad Shah Durrani's treasure?
    • The Kohinoor diamond was looted by Ahmad Shah Durrani from Nadar Shah, after his death.


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